To get the best experience while viewing this site, it is recommended that you upgrade to a modern browser version of Chrome or Firefox.

You may do so by clicking on one of these icons:

southern new mexico surgery center

    Health Library Explorer
    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A-Z Listings Contact Us
    Prevention Guidelines

    Health Screening Guidelines, Ages 2 to 18

    Screening tests and health counseling are an important part of managing your child's health. A screening test is done to find possible disorders or diseases in children who don't have any symptoms. The goal is to find a disease early so changes can be made and your child can be watched more closely to lower their chance for the disease. Screening tests also help detect a disease early enough to treat it most effectively. Screening tests are used to find out if more testing is needed. Below are guidelines for children and teens from ages 2 to 18. Talk with your child's healthcare provider to make sure your child is up to date on what they need.

    Gender words are used here to talk about anatomy and health risk. Please use this information in a way that works best for you and your provider as you talk about your care.


    Who needs it

    How often

    Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections

    Sexually active females, including those pregnant, ages 24 years and younger

    Once a year or as advised during pregnancy

    High lead level

    Children who are 6 years of age and younger

    Questions to determine risk or blood screening tests may be done once a year.


    Children in this age group at risk for infection; talk with your child’s healthcare provider

    At routine exams


    Assessment of obesity risk in children 6 years of age and older

    At routine exams

    Oral health

    All children in this age group

    Oral health risk assessments every 6 months; fluoride supplements from age 6 months to 16 years for those with low fluoride levels in their water; fluoride varnish should be applied every 3 to 6 months; fluoride rinses may be used in children age 6 years or older, if they are able to rinse and spit

    Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes

    Children age 10 and older or who have reached puberty and are overweight or obese and have1 or more other risk factors for diabetes

    Every 3 years

    Blood pressure

    All children 3 years of age and older

    Annual well child visit

    Vision and hearing

    All children in this age group

    Hearing and vision testing at ages 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10


    Who needs it

    How often


    Children between ages 12 and 18 years

    At routine exams


    Children between ages 8 and 18 years

    At routine exams

    Prevention of sexually transmitted infections

    Children in this age group who are sexually active

    At routine exams

    Prevention of skin cancer

    Fair-skinned children ages 6 months and older

    At routine exams

    Increased physical activity

    All children, especially those with diabetes or prediabetes

    At routine exams

    Online Medical Reviewer: Liora C Adler MD
    Online Medical Reviewer: Maryann Foley RN BSN
    Online Medical Reviewer: Pat F Bass MD MPH
    Date Last Reviewed: 1/1/2021
    © 2000-2023 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.
    horizontal line

    Southern New Mexico
    Surgery Center

    2301 Indian Wells Rd. Suite B
    Alamogordo, NM 88310

    Phone: 575.437.0890
    Fax: 575.437.0905